Hu Xiansu



 

Hu Xiansu
Hu Xiansu (1894-1968), whose literary name was Buzeng, was also known as Chan’an. He was from Xinjian county in Jiangxi province. He was one of the famous botanists in China and the founder of Chinese systematic botany. He graduated from the preparatory class of the Imperial University of Peking, attended the test which was designed to select talents to study abroad and ranked the first in 1912. He then enrolled in California University and Harvard University in the US to learn agriculture and botany. In 1916, he came back to China and went to the US again in 1923 for further study. He learned systematic botany at Harvard University and got his doctoral degree in agriculture. Then he returned to China at 1925. Hu Xiansu taught as a professor in Nanjing Higher Normal College, Southeast University, Peking University and Beijing Normal University, worked as the president of National Chung Cheng University, commentator and academician of the Academia Sincia since 1918. After the foundation of the People’s Republic of China, he worked as a researcher in the Institute of Botany of Chinese Academy of Sciences. Mr. Hu made outstanding contributions to the study of botany, especially the study and teaching of systematic botany, paleobotany and economic botany. He made great achievements by discovering a new family, ten new genus and hundreds of new species. In 1951, he created the taxonomy system of multi-plants. He successively established the Institute of Biology at the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Jingsheng Institute of Biology, Lushan Botanical Garden, Yunan Institute of Agriculture and Forestry. Mr. Hu published hundreds of papers concerning new species, new families, new genus and botanical taxonomy. In 1923, he edited the first “Advanced Botany” in China together with Bingwen Zou and Chongshu Qian. In 1933, he translated and published “Global Botanical Geography” written by Hardy. After the liberation of China, he edited “Handout for the Carpophytic Taxonomy,” “Chinese Botanical Taxonomy” and “Economic Botany” among other books.





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