Kong Xianwu



Kong Xianwu
Mr. Kong was a plant taxonomist and educator. His literary name was Yiting, He was born on Jun 25, 1897 in a rural family in Wucheng County, Gaoyi Town, Hebei province. From 1923 to 1925, he studied at the department of natural science of Beijing Advanced Normal School. In 1925, he published “The Influence of the Spread and Development Sequence of the Canegica Gigantea on Solar Radiation.” From 1925 to 1926, he worked as the assistant in the department of biology at Beijing Normal University. From 1926 to 1929, he was a professor of Hebei University. In the autumn of 1929, he resolutely gave up the title of professor and good payment, willing to be a trainee in the botany department of the National Academy of Peiping. From 1929 to 1936, he did large amounts of research and collection of plants samples in northeast and north China. Between 1933 and 1937, he published twelve papers and monographs, including “Chenopediaceae in Northern China”(English, 1933), “Coniferous Plants in Xiaobai Mountain, Jilin Province”(English, 1934), “The Families of Flowering Plants in Small Wutai Mountain” (together with Zuobing Wang, English, 1934), “Pictures of the Families of Plants in North China”(Fourth Volume, 1935 and Fifth Volume, 1936), “Some New Species in North China” (English 1936), “Forbs in Beijing” (1937). These papers and monographs all made a great contribution to Chinese plant taxonomy. The new species found by him were Polygonum honanense, Polygonum taipaishanense, Polygonum taquetii, Chenopodium gracilispicum, East Asian Chenopodium urbicum, Suaeda rigida and a new genus, Baolia. From 1936 to 1939, he was hired as associated professor by Northwest Agriculture College. In 1942, Mr. Kong was hired as professor by Northwest Normal College. He worked as member of the board of the Botanical Society of China, director of the Botanical Society of Gansu, member of the editorial board of “Flora of Chinese” and chief editor of “Flora of Gansu.”

 





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