Zhang Chunlin



Zhang Chunlin
Mr. Zhang (1897-1963) was an ichthyologist and educator. His literary name was Zhendong, and he belonged to Xianghuang Banner of Mongolian nationality. His original family name was Bayite, and it is his generation that carried the “Zhang” as their family name. Chunlin Zhang was born in Kaifeng, Henan province. He’s one of the main explorers of China’s modern ichthyology. He studied at Kaifeng Normal University from January 1914 to December 1918. In 1919, he worked as principal of Hele Higher Elementary School in Song County of Henan Province. In 1920, he worked as a teacher in the elementary school of Gong county. From January to March, 1922, he worked as a teacher of Kaifeng Elementary School. After graduation in 1926, he got his bachelor’s degree in agriculture from Southeast University (which was the precursor of Nanjing University) and worked as a research assistant in the Institute of Biology of the Science Society of China, focusing on ichthyology. In August, 1928, he went to Paris to learn ichthyology, and was hired as a researcher by the Paris Museum from October, 1928 to June, 1931. He got his doctoral degree in Science from the University of Paris in October 1930. In the same year, he was accepted by the French Zoological Society and Fisheries Society as a permanent member. He also had worked in the Natural History Museum in London, Britain. From July 1931 to December 1941, he worked as technician in Jingsheng Institute of Biology in Beijing and the director of the animal sample office. From early 1942 to March 1945, he worked as professor and dean of the department of science at Beijing Normal University. In April and July of 1945, he worked as professor and served concurrently as dean of the department of science in Peking University; from the end of 1945 to July 1946, he worked as professor in Peking Temporary University; from August 1946 to the summer of 1947, he worked as a professor at China University; from the summer of 1947 to the end of 1951, he, again, worked as professor and dean of the department of biology in BNU. His early studies were about Chinese fresh water fishes. He published important papers such as “The Study of Fishes in Nanjing.” He was one of the founders of the studies of Chinese marine water fishes, and he cultivated a group of researchers in the field of ichthyology.





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